It is directly east of the county boundary with Nassau County, New York. The Long Island Expressway (LIE) and Northern State Parkway, two of the country's busiest highways and major points of entry in and out of New York City, pass through Melville. Melville is located immediately off of Exit 49 of the LIE. New York State Route 110 runs through the center of Melville.
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Melville is home to the U.S. headquarters of several national and international corporations, including Hain Celestial, Arrow Electronics, Chyron, MSC Industrial Direct, Nikon Corporation, OSI Pharmaceuticals, Allion Healthcare, the Italian-food chain Sbarro, the medical and dental supply distributor Henry Schein, Bouchard Transportation and global staffing giant Adecco (US Headquarters). In addition, significant operations of Manhattan-based Estée Lauder are conducted there. Melville is also the host of operations for many Fortune 500 companies. These headquarters and many other corporate and industrial centers are found on or near Route 110, which runs north to south through Huntington, Melville, Farmingdale,North Amityville, and Amityville.
Sbarro's headquarters are located in Melville. Around 2002 Swiss International Air Lines's North American headquarters moved from Melville to Uniondale, Town of Hempstead. The facility, the former Swissair North American headquarter site, was completed in 1995. Swissair intended to own, instead of lease, its headquarters site. It enlisted architect Richard Meier to design the Melville facility. Melville was also the global headquarters of Gentiva Health Services from its 1999 founding until its 2006 relocation to Atlanta.
In 2010, Canon USA started construction of their new corporate headquarters on land previously occupied by a 52-acre (210,000 m²) pumpkin farm. The site is located on the South West corner of the intersection of Walt Whitman Road and the south service road of the Long Island Expressway. The current Canon USA headquarters is located in Lake Success.
The Long Island newspaper Newsday is published in Melville.
The independent television station WLNY-TV broadcasts from Melville.
History and characteristics
The area was known to the native Americans as Sunsquams. In the 17th century it was known as Samuel Ketcham's Valley, named for a local resident. Afterwards it was known as Sweet Hollow. This name was replaced by Melville in school records in 1854. There is some debate as to the origin of the Melville name. It may be derived from the Latin for honey (the area had an abundance of honey bees and this may have also been the origin of the previous Sweet Hollow name). It should also be noted that the author Herman Melville was being published around this time.
A Presbyterian church was built in Melville in 1829 at the northeast corner of Old Country and Sweet Hollow Roads. In 1977 the church was moved 1-mile (1.6 km) to the West. The church was in continuous use until 1930. It reopened in 1944 for the funeral of Edward Baylis and has been in use since then.
In 1909 a trolley line to Huntington was established. This was an extension of the Huntington Trolley Spur and went as far south as Amityville and had a connection to Babylon. There were six fare zones, one of which was the Duryea Farm at Melville. The line was shut down a decade later after farmers complained that noise from the trolley frightened their animals. Buses provided transportation after the trolley line closed. The growing use of private cars also reduced demand for the trolley line.
In May 2011, construction commenced for the replacement of the Northern State Parkway bridge over Route 110. The original bridge is 63 years old. The project was budgeted for $56,000,000 and is expected to be completed in winter of 2013 and 2014.
Long Island's tallest point is Jayne's Hill near Melville, with an elevation of 400.9 feet (122.2 m) above sea level.
Melville is located at .(40.791593, -73.405439)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 29.3 km² (11.3 mi²), none of which is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,533 people, 4,930 households, and 3,993 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,284.0 per square mile (495.7/km²). There were 5,141 housing units at an average density of 454.2/sq mi (175.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.93% White, 2.06% Black, 0.03% Native American, 5.42% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.72% of the population.
There were 4,930 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.2% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $112,527, and the median income for a family was $130,881. Males had a median income of $92,972 versus $73,495 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $64,053. About 3.0% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over. The median house price in Melville as of 2007 is about $850,000.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Melville, New York|
- "Contact Us." Sbarro. Retrieved on March 5, 2010.
- "Contact Us SWISS USA." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
- Anastasi, Nick. "SwissAir USA HQ heads to market.(Swiss International Airlines moves to Uniondale)." Long Island Business News. June 7, 2002. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
- Powderly II, Henry E. Canon closes Melville construction office. Long Island Business News, January 21, 2009. Retrieved on June 4th, 2010.
- Canon Breaks Ground on New Americas HQ in Melville, NY. Printing News, May 10th, 2010. Retrieved on June 4th, 2010.
- "archived Newsday article on Melville". Newsday. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-03-16. Retrieved 2010-06-01. Herman Melville's 1846 novel Typee was very popular at that time. Moby Dick, published in 1851, was not well received.
- "Hartford Courant article on Melville". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 2010-06-01.
- Hughes, C. J. (February 5, 2006). "Along the Lanes, and Behind the Gates". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- Original Sweet Hollow Presbyterian Church. CONTENTdm Collection
- Church History. Presbyterian Church of Sweet Hollow Web Site.
- Huntington (LIRR station)
- American Almanac Collection (Library of Congress) Brooklyn daily eagle almanac. 1910. New York Public Library.
- "Trolley Days: A History of Trolleys in the Town of Babylon". The Babylon Beacon. 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- Aronson, Harvey, ed. Home Town Long Island. (Newsday, 1999). ISBN 1-885134-21-5.
- Bus on a snowy day., CONTENTdm Collection.
- Closed electric trolley car. CONTENTdm Collection.
- Maloney, Jennifer. Newsday: Work begins over Route 110 bridge. May 19, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011
- Bolger, Timothy. Long Island Press: Work Starts on Northern Parkway Bridge Over Rt. 110, May 20, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.