Were we told the wrong thing?
Remember that stuff about hiding under a table or standing in a doorway?
Well, this guy has a completely reverse opinion.This is very
interesting, different from what we were all taught.
Boy! Is this ever an eye opener. Directly opposite of what we've been
taught over the years! I can remember in school being told to, 'duck
and cover' or stand in a doorway during an earthquake. This guy's
findings is absolutely amazing. I hope we all remember his survival
method if we are ever in an earthquake!!!
Please read this and pass the info along to your family members; it
could save their lives someday!
EXTRACT FROM DOUG COPP'S ARTICLE ON THE: 'TRIANGLE OF LIFE'
My name is Doug Copp. I am the Rescue Chief and Disaster Manager of
the American Rescue Team International (ARTI), the world's most
experienced rescue team. The information in this article will save lives in an
earthquake. I have crawled inside 875 collapsed buildings, worked with rescue
teams from 60 countries, founded rescue teams in several countries,
and I am a member of many rescue teams from many countries.
I was the United Nations expert in Disaster Mitigation for two years.
I have worked at every major disaster in the world since 1985, except
for simultaneous disasters.
The first building I ever crawled inside of was a school in Mexico
City during the 1985 earthquake. Every child was under its desk. Every
child was crushed to the thickness of their bones. They could have survived
by lying down next to their desks in the aisles. It was obscene,
unnecessary and I wondered why the children were not in the aisles.
I didn't at the time know that the children were told to hide under something.
Simply stated, when buildings collapse, the weight of the ceilings
falling upon the objects or furniture inside crushes these objects,
leaving a space or void next to them. This space is what I call the
'triangle of life'. The larger the object, the stronger, the less it
will compact. The less the object compacts, the larger the void, the
greater the probability that the person who is using this void for safety will not be injured.
The next time you watch collapsed buildings, on television, count the
'triangles' you see formed. They are everywhere. It is the most common shape, you will
see,in a collapsed building.
TIPS FOR EARTHQUAKE SAFETY
1) Most everyone who simply 'ducks and covers' WHEN BUILDINGS COLLAPSE
are crushed to death. People who get under objects, like desks or
cars, are crushed.
2) Cats, dogs and babies often naturally curl up in the fetal
position. You should too in an earthquake. It is a natural
safety/survival instinct. You can survive in a smaller void. Get next
to an object, next to a sofa, next to a large bulky object that will
compress slightly but leave a void next to it.
3) Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in
during an earthquake. Wood is flexible and moves with the force of the
earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids are
created. Also, the wooden building has less concentrated, crushing weight.
Brick buildings will break into individual bricks. Bricks will cause
many injuries but less squashed bodies than concrete slabs.
4) If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply
roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed.
Hotels can achieve a much greater survival rate in earthquakes, simply
by posting a sign on the back of the door of every room telling
occupants to lie down on the floor, next to the bottom of the bed
during an earthquake.
5) If an earthquake happens and you cannot easily escape by getting
out the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal
position next to a sofa, or large chair.
6) Most everyone who gets under a doorway when buildings collapse is
killed. How? If you stand under a doorway and the door jamb falls
forward or backward you will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jam
falls sideways you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case,
you will be killed!
7) Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a different 'moment of
frequency' (they swing separately from the main part of the building).
The stairs and remainder of the building continuously bump into each
other until structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people
who get on stairs before they fail are chopped up by the stair treads -
Even if the building doesn't collapse, stay away from the stairs. The
stairs are a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the
stairs are not collapsed by the earthquake , they may collapse later
when overloaded by fleeing people. They should always be checked for
safety, even when the rest of the building is not damaged.
8) Get Near the Outer Walls Of Buildings Or Outside Of Them If Possible.
It is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than
the interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of
the building the greater the probability that your escape route will
9) People inside of their vehicles are crushed when the road above
falls in an earthquake and crushes their vehicles; which is exactly
what happened in the San Francisco earthquake - all stayed inside of their vehicles.
They were all killed. They could have easily survived by getting out and
sitting or lying next to their vehicles. Everyone killed would have
survived if they had been able to get out of their cars and sit or lie next to them.
All the crushed cars had voids 3 feet high next to them, except for the cars that
had columns fall directly across them.
10) I discovered, while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper offices
and other offices with a lot of paper, that paper does not compact.
Large voids are found surrounding stacks of paper.
In 1996 we made a film, which proved my survival methodology to be
correct. The Turkish Federal Government, City of Istanbul , University
of Istanbul Case Productions and ARTI cooperated to film this practical,
scientific test. We collapsed a school and a home with 20 mannequins
inside. Ten mannequins did 'duck and cover, ' and ten mannequins I used in my
'triangle of life' survival method. After the simulated earthquake collapse we
crawled through the rubble and entered the building to film and document the results.
The film, in which I practiced my survival
techniques under directly observable, scientific conditions, relevant
to building collapse, showed there would have been zero percent
survival for those doing duck and cover.
There would likely have been 100 percent survivability for people
millions of viewers on television in Turkey and the rest of Europe , and it was
seen in the USA , Canada and Latin America on the TV program Real TV.