History of the GFCI in a home

By
Home Inspector with Trace Inspections, LLC TN #17
https://activerain.com/droplet/4vWP

This is the history of the GFCI in homes.  It does not mean that GFCI protected outlets are not needed if a home was built before the effective date.  You can not grandfather safety!

1971 Receptacles within 15 feet of pool walls
1971 All equipment used with storable swimming pools
1973 All outdoor receptacles
1974 Construction Sites
1975 Bathrooms, 120-volt pool lights, and fountain equipment
1978 Garages, spas, and hydromassage tubs
1978 Outdoor receptacles above 6ft.6in. grade access exempted
1984 Replacement of non-grounding receptacles with no grounding conductor
1984 Pool cover motors
1984 Distance of GFCI protection extended to 20 feet from pool walls
1987 Unfinished basements
1987 Kitchen countertop receptacles within 6 feet of sink
1987 Boathouses
1990 Crawlspaces (with exception for sump pumps or other dedicated equip.)
1993 Wet bar countertops within 6 feet of sink
1993 Any receptacle replaced in an area presently requiring GFCI
1996 All kitchen counters - not just those within 6 feet of sink
1996 All exterior receptacles except dedicated de-icing tape receptacle
1996 Unfinished accessory buildings at or below grade
1999 Exemption for dedicated equipment in crawlspace removed

This is a diagram of the GFCI requirements in a laundry room (from Mike Holt)

close

This entry hasn't been re-blogged:

Re-Blogged By Re-Blogged At
Groups:
Home Inspections Q & A
Ask the Home Inspector
Home Inspectors across the country
Home Inspector's Corner
Professional Home Inspectors

Post a Comment
Spam prevention
Spam prevention
Show All Comments
Rainmaker
233,787
Reuben Saltzman
Structure Tech Home Inspections - Minneapolis, MN
Delivering the Unbiased Truth.

Great list Scott, I think I'm going to start including some of that info in the boilerplate of the GFCI section of my report.  By the way, why did you stop at 1999?

Mar 26, 2009 03:33 PM #1
Rainer
146,882
Scott Patterson, ACI
Trace Inspections, LLC - Spring Hill, TN
Home Inspector, Middle TN

Hi Reuben,

1999 was really the last year for a major change.

Mar 27, 2009 01:55 AM #2
Rainer
65,672
Dan Callahan
Callahan's Home Inspections - Casper, WY

I heard from an electrician friend of mine that within a year or two it is going to be required that all circuit breakers be Arc Fault protected. Have you heard that same rumor?

Mar 27, 2009 09:47 AM #3
Rainer
146,882
Scott Patterson, ACI
Trace Inspections, LLC - Spring Hill, TN
Home Inspector, Middle TN

Hi Dan,

Yes, all new homes built after 2010 will need to have all interior 15-20 amp circuits protected by AFCI's. Keep in mind that it also will depend if the local municipality adopts that part of the code.  As long as it took for just the bedroom AFCI's to be adopted, I bet it will be a while for many parts of the country.

Mar 28, 2009 02:26 AM #4
Rainer
90,134
Mike (Inspector Mike) Parks
Inspector Mike - Circleville, OH
Inspector Mike

The last major change was the 2008 NEC. It affects ALL 15/20  amp circuits.

Mar 30, 2009 03:27 AM #5
Rainer
146,882
Scott Patterson, ACI
Trace Inspections, LLC - Spring Hill, TN
Home Inspector, Middle TN

Hi Mike, I thought it was 2010 when it went into effect.

Mar 30, 2009 03:52 AM #6
Rainer
90,134
Mike (Inspector Mike) Parks
Inspector Mike - Circleville, OH
Inspector Mike

Only goes into effect if codified.

Mar 30, 2009 03:56 AM #7
Rainer
7,846
Kevin Welch
American Bulldog Home Inspection Inc. - Rutland, MA

Scott,

Great information, thanks for sharing. You are correct about not being able to grandfather safety. Without some of these safety upgrades, we may never get to be a grandfather.

Kevin

Mar 30, 2009 12:05 PM #8
Rainer
90,134
Mike (Inspector Mike) Parks
Inspector Mike - Circleville, OH
Inspector Mike

Now for something funny!

Look at the above picture. The washering machine recp. is within the 6'. Now move that recp. to the left outside the 6' and in does not have to be GFCI protected. Yet the washing machine that you would touch is still within 6' of the sink.

Go figure.

Mar 31, 2009 12:28 PM #9
Rainer
65,672
Dan Callahan
Callahan's Home Inspections - Casper, WY

Heres one for you Scott. I did an inspection for a realtor who works for a company that also has their own new construction side of the house. As a matter of fact they are one of the biggest builders of new homes in our area. At the inspection I pointed out that all of the kitchen counter outlets were not GFCI (which at the time the house was built it was not required). The realtor TOLD me that only the outlets within 6 feet of the water source , blah, blah, blah. When I turned in the report to her the following day I had printed your timeline out plus some other information to back it up. She freaked and got the head of the new construction side of the house and showed him the info. Apparently their contracted electrician has been going by pre 1996 codes. Now the scary part, they have had hundreds if not thousands of homes built and sold during that time and apparently every single one of them has "passed" all the building inspections. Makes you wonder how big the payroll actually is! 

Apr 01, 2009 11:27 PM #10
Rainer
146,882
Scott Patterson, ACI
Trace Inspections, LLC - Spring Hill, TN
Home Inspector, Middle TN

Wow!  Glad that this came in handy.  Also, this is the perfect example of why folks need to get those new construction homes inspected!

Apr 03, 2009 10:34 AM #11
Rainer
3,088
Kurt Salomon
Advocate Inspections - Salt Lake City, UT

As of the 2000 IRC all kitchen countertop receptacles must be GFCI protected. There is no six foot rule. There is a six foot rule for wet bar sinks.

Here is my source from the IRC.

E3802.6 Kitchen receptacles. All 125-volt, single-phase, 15-

and 20-ampere receptacles that serve countertop surfaces shall have ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection for personnel.

E3802.7 Bar sink receptacles. All 125-volt, single-phase,

15- and 20-ampere receptacles that serve a countertop surface, and are locatedwithin 6 feet (1829 mm)of the outside edge of a wet bar sink shall have ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection fo personnel.

The 2006 IRC added laundry rooms to wet bars.

Time to update the list.

 

Jun 20, 2009 01:15 PM #12
Rainer
171,185
Robert Butler
Aspect Inspection - Montreal West Island, QC
Montreal Home Inspector | Aspect Inspection

A very interesting list, but I'm in Canada (montreal, Quebec).

Re there any AR's out there with knowledge like this, or interested in finding out?

Jun 27, 2009 05:54 AM #13
Rainer
146,882
Scott Patterson, ACI
Trace Inspections, LLC - Spring Hill, TN
Home Inspector, Middle TN

Hi Robert,

Funny thing about safety items like GFCI, they know no boundaries! 

Jul 09, 2009 04:18 AM #14
Rainer
166,665
Andy Chaudoir
Professional Inspection Services - Georgetown, Texas - Georgetown, TX
Your Home Inspection Connection in Central Texas

Hello Scott - Thanks for the GFCI history lesson.  Have a great 2010!

Jan 01, 2010 12:35 PM #15
Rainer
146,882
Scott Patterson, ACI
Trace Inspections, LLC - Spring Hill, TN
Home Inspector, Middle TN

Hi Andy,

Glad to see that this old blog is still helping. 

Jan 02, 2010 02:24 AM #16
Rainmaker
694,677
Clint Mckie
Desert Sun Home, commercial Inspections - Carlsbad, NM
Desert Sun Home, Comm. Inspection 1-575-706-5586

Hi Scott, Yes still working and still getting results. I used it to prove a point the other day with a client that said the home was built before the codes went into effect. He was wrong.

Thanks for the information.

Clint McKie

Apr 03, 2011 11:02 PM #17
Rainer
6,484
Larry Losciale
Inverness, FL

Hello all,

An addition to the list, I think it was in the 2008 NEC but could be earlier, all hard-wired pool pumps both 120v and 240v.

In Florida we were given an exemption from this for several years but as of March this year the exemption has been removed from State code. Our electricians are wondering "how do we do this if there's no neutral on the 240 units?". I'm told by an ME that protection is still increased over a standard 2pole breaker because the GFCI also monitors the differential between each pole even if it can't read the neutral. Do you Know is this correct? 

Dec 15, 2012 01:54 AM #18
Anonymous
walis monaim

Découvrez comment bénéficier de l'isolation de votre maison à partir de 1 €. pour n'importe quel type de chauffage et de revenu,vous pouvez bénéficier d une isolation partielle ou totale. Vérifiez votre éligibilité sans engagement .

http://bureau-aides-regionales.fr/

Aug 02, 2019 04:54 AM #29
Post a Comment
Spam prevention
Show All Comments

What's the reason you're reporting this blog entry?

Are you sure you want to report this blog entry as spam?

Rainer
146,882

Scott Patterson, ACI

Home Inspector, Middle TN
Ask me a question
*
*
*
*
Spam prevention

Additional Information