The $8,000 First-Time Home Buyer Tax Credit expires December 1, 2009.
If you're planning to claim use the credit and haven't started looking for a home, your clock is officially ticking. You must be closed on your new home on or before December 1.
Because purchase closings come 60-days standard, therefore, your $8,000 is in jeopardy unless you go under contract prior to October 2, 2009. That's less than 70 days from now.
Use it or lose it, as they say.
The First-Time Home Buyer Tax Credit is part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. In it, Congress authorized a first-time homebuyer tax credit of up to $8,000 for home buyers meeting certain qualifying criteria. The program's goal was to stimulate entry-level home purchases and, by most measures, the plan has been successful.
First-time home buyers accounted for about one-third of all home resales in May.
Now, the IRS definition of "first-time home buyer" may be different from what you expect. According to the IRS, a first-time home buyer is anyone who has not owned a "main home" in the last 3 years with "main home" defined as a home in which a person has lived "for most of the time". Main homes can include traditional homes, houseboats, trailers and other residence types.
For couples -- married or otherwise -- both home buyers must be first-timers to be tax credit-eligible.
Moreover, not every first-time home buyer is eligible for the $8,000 First Time Home Buyer Tax Credit. Some notable exclusionary cases include first-time home buyers who:
- File taxes separately and whose adjusted gross income exceeds $95,000
- File taxes jointly and whose adjusted gross income exeeeds $170,000
- Acquire property from a mother, father, sibling or child
- Acquire property from an entity in which they're a majority owner
- Acquire the home by gift or inheritance
And then, the First-Time Home Buyer Tax Credit may not deliver the full $8,000.
The tax credit is limited to 10 percent of the home's purchase price the it also diminishes as home buyer income rises. Tax credit phase-outs start at $75,000 for homebuyers filing separately and $150,000 on joint returns.
Assuming you qualify, though, the good news is that it's easy to claim your tax credit.
- Buy and close on a new, "main" home before December 1, 2009.
- Submit IRS Form 5405 with your 2009 tax returns in April 2010.
Meanwhile, the program does come with some gotchas. For example, If you sell your home, or cease to use it as your "main home" within 36 months of purchase, the IRS will require a full payback. There are only a few allowable exceptions to this policy and you shouldn't count on being granted one.
Not moving in the next 3 years? Don't worry about it.
If you're a first-time home buyer and have questions, you're welcome to reach out to me directly anytime. I'll answer your questions and if I don't lend in your state, I can refer you to loan officers that I trust who do.
And lastly, please don't just take my word for it on tax issues. I am a loan officer and not an accountant. I can offer basic guidance, but paying a professional for expert advice is often the right way to go. If you don't have an accountant you trust or you're not using the free filing and tax audit services of TurboTax or something, call or email me for a recommendation.
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