- A sump pump is a drainage-tile system that is placed under the floor of your basement that channels water into a pit. Some houses (depending on location, climate conditions, and building structure) have an unavoidable problem with flooding due to natural weather and environmental conditions.
A sump pump helps channel that water to a designated area other than your home. Sometimes water in your basement is a result of other issues that need to be addressed-for-example, your gutters might be clogged or the downspout are allowing pools of water to build up too close (big problem on many of my inspections) to the homes foundation. If you've checked all drainage installed around your home and you still have basement flooding, its time to consider a sump pump.
If you choose to have a professional install a sump pump for you, keep in mind that the quality of equipment, ease of access, and local rates will influence the overall cost.
There are four types of sump pump models available:
- Submersible Sump Pump:Installed in ground and specically designed to function underwater. They are sealed, oil-cooled motors, and are protected from moisture and dust.
- Pedestal Sump Pump: An upright electric sump pump whose motor is located above the pump as it is not meant to get wet. It's ideal for basements needing frequent water drainage.
- Water-Powered Sump Pump:This pump runs off the water pressure from your home plumbing system. This pump requires no electricity to operate. It is often insatlled alongside an electric sump and used as a back up system during a power failure.
- Floor Sucker Pump:Used mostly in basements, cellers or crawl spaces which do not have an actual sump pit. They move water to within 1/8" of the floor. They are available in various flow rates, under manual or automatic conditions. (some floor suckers are electronically controlled).