What is APR in Plain English Please

Mortgage and Lending with Finance of America MLS 6621


This is one of the best explanations of APR I've seen written and was written by Mark Taylor in Arizona. The only missing piece I see in this post is that APR also calculates the pre-paid interest into the mix, which really does not make a whole lot of sense. Pre-paid interest is the daily interest paid to the lender from the day of closing to the end of the month. In return you get your first month off with no mortgage payment.......well not really because mortgage payments are made in arrears, but that a topic for another discussion.   

Original content by Mark Taylor Mortgages 207897nmls# DOC#207897

What Is Annual Percentage Rate (APR)?


Truth-In-Lending snapshotis

More commonly called APR, Annual Percentage Rate is a government-mandated mortgage comparison tool. It measures the total cost of borrowing over the life of a loan into dollars-and-cents.

A loan’s APR is printed in the top-left corner of the Federal Truth-In-Lending Disclosure, as shown above. When quoting an interest rate, loan officers are required by law to disclose a loan’s APR, too.

APR is meant to simplify the process of choosing between two or more loans. The theory is that the loan with the lowest APR is the “best deal” for the applicant because the loan’s long-term costs are lowest. However, the loan with the lowest APR isn’t always best.

APR makes assumptions in its formula that can render it moot.


First, APR assumes you’ll pay your mortgage off at term, at never sooner. So, if your loan is a 15-year fixed rate, its APR is based on a full 15 year term. If you sell or refinance prior to Year 15, the math used to make your loan’s APR becomes instantly flawed and “wrong”.

Example: Let’s compare two identical loans in Arizona — one with discount points and a lower interest rate; and one without discount points and a higher mortgage rate. The loan with discount points will have a lower APR in most cases. However, if the homeowner sells or refinances within the first few years, the loan with the higher APR would have been the better option, in hindsight.

Second, APR can be “doctored” early in the loan process.

Because the APR formula accounts for third-party costs in a mortgage transaction, and third-party costs aren’t always known at the start of a loan, a bank can inadvertently understate them. This would make the APR appear lower than what it really is, and may mislead a consumer.

And, lastly, APR is particularly unhelpful for adjustable-rate loans. Because the APR calculation makes assumptions about how a loan will adjust during its 30-year term, if two lenders use a different set of assumptions, their APRs will differ — even if the loans are identical in every other way. The lender whose adjustments are most aggressively-low will present the lowest APR.

Summarized, APR is not the metric for comparing mortgages — it’s metric. For relevant comparison points, talk to your loan officer.

17 years of doing this APR is always what causes the most acid reflux for borrowers:"Hey you quoted me a 5% rate on FHA but the APR is 6.125% what gives Mark?" After a lengthy explanation of a mortgage metric of little value, clients usually calm down but always seem to leave with a smidgen of mistrust on their faces.

Here is the best advise especially as Realtors® can no longer proffer an opinion or help comfort the client by walking them through the TIL and explaining APR as they used to do pre-licensing days!

Show your client the rate, the closing costs and their payment - if they are happy and the payment works for them they will be very happy.  All my clients want to know when they leave my office is; what exactly do I have to come in with for down, what are my closing costs to the penny and what is my payment to the penny.  Lets give them that every time keep it simple and less of the aggregate adjusted UFMIP toleranced TIL and REG Z calculations right?


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