# How to Calculate Your Debt-to-Income Ratios

By
Mortgage and Lending with First Heritage Mortgage NMLS #: 938761

If you are in the process of becoming pre-approved to purchase a home, you’ve probably starting hearing the words “debt-to-income ratio” being tossed around. Along with your credit score, your debt-to-income ratios are one of the main factors which determine your home loan pre-approval. When a borrower comes in to meet with me for a pre-approval, I like to educate them on the importance of this figure, how it is determined, and what it means.

# Front-end and Back-end Debt-to-Income Ratios

There are two types of debt-to-income ratios, your front-end ratio and your back-end ratio.  Your front-end ratio is the ratio of the proposed monthly mortgage payment and your gross monthly income.  Your back-end ratio is the sum of your proposed monthly mortgage payment and other monthly debt expenses divided by your gross monthly income.

# Calculate Your Front-end Debt-to-Income Ratio

Total Your Proposed Mortgage Payment Including Principal, and Interest, Taxes, and Insurance (PITI)

divide by

Your Total Gross Monthly Income (include alimony/child support and 2 year average of bonus and overtime)

multiply by

100

# Calculate Your Back-end Debt-to-Income Ratio

Total Your Proposed Mortgage Payment Including Principal, and Interest, Taxes, and Insurance (PITI)

+

Minimum Credit Card Payments

+

Car Loan Monthly Payments

+

Student Loan Monthly Payments

+

Alimony/Child Support Payments

+

Other Loans/Debt Reporting on Your Credit Report

divide by

Your Total Gross Monthly Income (include alimony/child support and 2 year average of bonus and overtime)

multiply by

100

# Maximum Debt-to-Income Ratios

Standard accepted debt-to-income ratio requirements are 31/43 (front-end/back-end); however, you may be able to get approved with higher ratios depending on your credit score and cash reserves after you close.  I often see borrowers with significant student loan debt and large car payments which crush their dreams of homeownership, so it’s important to keep in mind the implications before you take on new debt if a home purchase is in your future.  I highly recommend these posts for further reading:

Your New Car Could Shrink Your Future House

Student Loans and Your Mortgage Pre-approval

Questions?  Need advice?  If you live in Virginia and are interested in starting the pre-approval process to purchase a home, my team at First Home Mortgage is here to help.  Feel free to contact us today.

Posted by

Whitney Watson

First Heritage Mortage

4551 Cox Road, Suite 305  |  Glen Allen, VA 23060 | 804.386.9364

Joe Petrowsky
Mortgage Consultant, Right Trac Financial Group, Inc. NMLS # 2709 - Manchester, CT
Your Mortgage Consultant for Life

Good morning Whitney.  Your post should be read by everyone in the real estate business and maybe some in the mortgage business. Suggested.

Jun 25, 2014 07:34 PM
Whitney Watson
First Heritage Mortgage - Henrico, VA

Thank you, Joe! I appreciate the suggestion!

Jun 26, 2014 12:04 AM
Shannon Milligan, Richmond VA Real Estate Agent/Associate Broker
RVA Home Team - Richmond, VA
RVA Home Team - Winning with Integrity.

You are always so detail oriented and educational in your posts. It is no wonder why buyers love you so much! Suggested as well!

Jun 26, 2014 03:49 AM
Whitney Watson
First Heritage Mortgage - Henrico, VA

Thank you so much, Shannon!  I learned from the best! ;)

Jun 26, 2014 03:55 AM
Barbara Altieri
Better Homes and Gardens RE Shore and Country Properties - Shelton, CT
REALTOR-Fairfield County CT Homes/Condos For Sale

Whitney -- Perfect how-to post and something I am sure most do NOT know how to do. Well done.

Jul 09, 2014 10:43 AM

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