Stanhope was born in Calhoun, Georgia back in 1806 to Uwaite and Susanna. His father was a full-blooded Cherokee and his mother was the daughter of a white father and Cherokee mother. He combined both names into a name which I’m sure you recognize but not now.
He learned to read and write English at a local Moravian mission school. he helped write articles for the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper it was the first one that published articles both in Cherokee and English. He was among the treaty party leaders who signed the 1835 Treaty of New Echota. They emigrated to Oklahoma in 1835, those who remained in Georgia were forcibly removed in 1838 and travelled “The Trail of Tears”.
Fearful of the Federal troops making Oklahoma a state he fought in the Civil War. If you haven’t figured it out by now the name he took was a combination of his father’s name and mother’s maiden name, he is better known as Stand Watie. He is the only leader of the Cherokee Nation who rose to the rank of brigadier general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He also was the final Confederate General in the field to cease hostilities at war’s end. He died in 1871 and is buried in Delaware County, Oklahoma.