Home Inspections - Items That Are Not Deal-Breakers
After making an offer on a home, you'll enter into a contract. Part of that contract should always include getting a home inspection. It is recommended that any homebuyer make an offer to purchase contingent upon a home inspection. This allows you to withdraw your offer if there are any major issues discovered during an inspection. More than likely, the home inspector will find problems that need to be fixed before closing. Major foundation issues and significant water damage are at the top of the list of signs to walk away from.
On the other hand, there are some home defects found during an inspection that don't have to be deal-breakers. Many of them can be fixed, and they can be used to negotiate with the seller for a lower price point or additional help with the closing costs.
Lead-based paint was banned in 1978, but it's still possible that you could purchase a home that contains it if it was built before the ban. The sellers should disclose this, but the home inspector may find it, as well. Ultimately, it is up to you to decide how comfortable you are with purchasing a home that has lead-based paint, but it doesn't have to be a deal-breaker. You can hire a contractor who is certified to remove lead-based paint, and the home will be completely safe.
Concrete Floor Cracks
Cracks in a concrete basement floor may seem like a structural problem, but this is natural and not indicative of significant damage. Small cracks occur in concrete because it's a porous substance. These cracks can be fixed at a relatively low cost, and shouldn't be a reason for you to back out of a contract. What is something that's cause for concern are cracks in concrete walls, as these may or may not be associated with the structure. If the wall has moved or if the cracks have a large opening, then these would be deal-breakers.
Mold is something that no one ever wants to see in a home you put an offer on, but a little bit of mold by the shower doesn't mean you need to back out of your offer - at least not immediately. If mold is found during the home inspection, have a qualified mold inspector take a look. Not all molds are toxic, but the safest way to determine if this is a deal-breaker is by hiring a mold professional.
Bug infestations can cause significant damage to the home's structure if they aren't exterminated quickly and efficiently. A home inspector may find signs of an infestation during an inspection, but how do you tell if it's truly a deal-breaker?
The best way to know if there is pest damage to the home's structure or foundation is to ask a qualified pest expert to do an additional inspection of the home. Someone who is a specialist will be able to tell you if the home just has a few bugs, or if you need to rescind your offer.
When problems arise during home inspections, it doesn't always mean you have to back out of your contract. Home inspectors will often find problems outside of their scope of expertise, so always get a second opinion from a specialist before making a final decision. In many instances, these problems are opportunities to negotiate with the seller. You can request that the seller do the repairs, or ask for money to put towards repairs.
You can also ask the seller to include a home warranty on the home in the contract of sale, but it won't repair the problems found in a home inspection contract. A home warranty is there to protect you from aging systems and appliances after you buy. Think of getting car insurance on a car that was just wrecked and then opening a claim - it wouldn't work, because the insurance was put on after the damage happened. The same goes for a home warranty.