Oriental Rug Repair Methods
Oriental rugs are fabulous floor coverings. An Oriental rug adds warmth, color, and beauty to the floor. It uplifts the whole room. By their very nature, they are subjected to damage-inducing experiences. Oriental rugs often endure spills, moths eat at the fibers, heavy furniture creates irreversible dents, and they are walked upon.
Regular cleaning and maintenance keep up a rug's appearance. Some instances require professional restoration or repair to offset the usual wear-and-tear effects. The goal is to prevent any further deterioration or damage and to preserve the value and beauty.
When damage occurs, have the rug repaired as soon as possible. Timely repair may prevent an inexpensive, simple repair from becoming an expensive, complicated repair job. Any repair to an Oriental rug is based on the construction and fiber of the rug.
The repair is as accurate to the original design as possible. The goal is to retain the value of the rug as much as can be. There are three basic types of Oriental rug repair.
- End Repairs
- Side Work
- Holes and Tears
There are three primary methods of end repair – hand overcasting, reinserting fringe by hand, and hand sewing pre-woven fringe. In hand overcasting, the rug is unraveled to the point that all damage is removed. The weft line is secured by inserting an interior hand stitch to lock it into the foundation.
Hand fringe reinsertion reinserts top to bottom warps into the foundation that replicates the original fringe. Future unraveling can also be stopped by hand sewing pre-woven fringe on one or both ends to give the rug a presentable appearance. The edge is removable if customers wish to restore the rug later on.
Side work includes hand and machine serging and cloth binding. The edges of an Oriental rug are protected from unraveling by applying a hand stitch that binds the edges of the rug. A machine sewn stitch can also be used to protect an Oriental rug from unraveling. Machine serging is a temporary solution. It is not recommended for rugs that are hand-made. Cut area rugs are usually repaired with cloth binding that is done by machine to prevent the rug from fraying.
Holes and Tears
Two methods are used to repair holes and tears in Oriental rugs. They are either patched or rewoven by hand. When patches are applied, another area rug or Oriental rug with a similar design is used. The procedure protects the rug from further damage but is nearly impossible to be an exact match. Hand re-weaving is a labor-intensive repair that uses similar cotton, silk, or wool that was used originally.
Other Repairs to Oriental Rugs
There are other procedures than an Oriental rug repair technician can provide. They include:
- Cut a rug to size
- Add a decorative chain or cashmere stitch
- De-curl the edges of a rug
- Apply leatherette stripping to edges
- Reverse hooked rug scrim
- Specialty fringe work
- Spot dye rugs
- Tea-wash fringe
- Apply Velcro for hanging a tapestry or rug
- Square (tack-out) a tapestry or rug