If there is one thing that architectural trends from the past couple of years have had in common, that is sustainability. As concerns about environmental issues that we are battling with have raised, more and more industries have made a commitment to do their best to find innovative ways to reduce waste and pollution.
The number one question that drives those trends is not “How do we build it?”, but rather “Why do we build it?”. Trends that managed to answer this question will join new ones, as we slowly transition into 2020. Experts have made their predictions and have narrowed it down to 7 important trends that will drive the architectural field in the following year.
Incorporation of Natural Light
Natural light gives a sense of warmth to the house, which is why architects are doing their best so that those who live in the house can take advantage of it as much as possible. Ceiling-high windows, or even an entire wall made out of glass are incredible ways to enjoy sun during the entire day. Roof windows and skylights are another popular option for those who also want to enjoy a great view.
Another way to enjoy sunlight as much as possible is to strategically layout the house. The trick is to place the rooms you spend most time in, such as the bedroom, living room, kitchen or office, on the side of the house that gets the most light. This way, you will be less likely needed to turn on the light during the day.
In addition to being pleasing to the eye, using as much natural light as possible also helps reduce energy consumption, which fits perfectly into the environmentally-friendly theme that seems to direct 2020’s architecture.
Houses built in a conventional way can turn out to be more expensive and inefficient than you think, especially during cold winter days. Fortunately, architects have come up with what they call passive houses, which are built in a way that helps maintain a constant climate inside, no matter if the weather is boiling hot, or incredibly cold.
The characteristics of a passive house include airtight construction with heavy insulation, proper ventilation so that the temperature and humidity level can be kept constant, as well as designing the house without thermal bridges.
Passive houses also need to come with passive heating technology, which is believed to be one of the greatest innovations. A passive heating system will cool or heat the inside of the house with nothing but outside air. The cold air passes through the ventilation system, where it is heated by the warm air that goes out, making the temperature constant at all times
As of 2018, 55% of the entire globe’s population are inhabiting urban areas but, by 2050, the numbers are expected to reach 68%. This means that cities need to be prepared to hold more people. Since urbanization started becoming a thing, architects and contractors have been trying to din ways to build more houses for those who want to experience the big city life.
Microdesigning has become quite a popular trend, and involves making the most out of a small space. In order to achieve this, architects are planning the layout of the house up to the smallest detail. Then, it’s the interior designer’s job to find ways to exploit every small corner in the house and make it useful. This means no corner, counter, or potential storage space is left unused.
The challenge of microdesigning, though, is to make sure that the space does not look overly crowded, but rather to show that, with a bit of planning and thinking ahead, you don’t need a 2-story mansion.
Technological advancements are designed to make our life easier and easier, so it is only natural that they are incorporated into our day to day life. Smart houses are no longer just a thing from the movies, but rather an important step towards saving the environment.
Smart thermostats, for example, can detect the temperature both inside the house and outside, and adjust the heating system, so that it turns on and off to maintain the desired climate. This can be extremely useful, to prevent energy waste, and reduce your bill, saving some money in the process as well.
Another example resides in New Zealand, where they use compacting barrels, to reduce the dimension of the garbage and make it easier for it to be stored, transported and recycled.
The term refers to bringing a clear, more green and peaceful environment into the house. Spending time outside is extremely beneficial to both your mental and physical being, but unfortunately, that is not always possible. For those who find themselves stuck inside for more than recommended, incorporating plants into the design of the house is the best solution to enjoy nature as much as possible.
The wellness architecture trend can be either tackled on delicately, with incorporating shelves into the walls to place plants on, or going over the top and building the entire house around an entire a huge tree. Surely, architects are full of imagination!
Industrial design has been one of the most popular trends in the recent period, and for good reasons. A brick wall, lighting fixtures made out of pipes, combinations of different materials, all looking extremely good, despite the contrast.
But there is one other reason why industrial design has gained so much popularity: it is eco-friendly. By using recycled pieces of wood, iron and sometimes even plastic, along with concrete and bricks, one can obtain an intricate-looking design that is going to be the main focus of the entire house.
If the house is made out of brick, one wall can be scraped down and polished to expose it, or recycled brick can be used for partial or total decoration of the wall. Unfinished pieces of metal can also be incorporated as shelves, light fixtures, as well as simply for décor. All in all, keep in mind that simple, unpolished lines are the key elements of the industrial design style.