Virginia Creeper- Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper is a plant known botanically as Parthenocissus quinquefolia and is part of the Vitaceae grape family. The vine can grow in most types of soil and drainage. Its name helps describe the type of plant as it is a vine that can grow in full sun, partial sun, or shade. The appearance of the plant is five-pointed leaves of green during the growing season until the cooler weather of fall when the leaves become a spectacular crimson color.
The vine has a brown woody stem with adhesive tubers or legs that help it attach to surfaces when growing vertically. This is a perennial vine that will bloom in June to July with green flowers that will turn to round inedible fruit that will remain on the vine. The vine grown in areas around children or pets the fruit in reaching distance should be cut off as they are toxic. But when possible leaving them on the vine will add beauty, and birds enjoy eating the fruit. This is a vine that will grow up vertical surfaces attaching to them, so it is recommended not to grow them near homes with wood siding as it can become damaged. Though the vine can be grown as ground cover and thrives equally as well as it does when climbing. Virginia Creeper grows in soil that is soggy to dry with light alkaline.
This is a vigorous plant that can grow 50 to 90 feet long and tolerate short periods of dryness though longer periods of drought the plant should be watered. The vine to keep it under control will require pruning, and with a little maintenance of annual fertilizing, it will grow lusher and have more flowers. The vine is susceptible to scale, Japanese beetles, and leafhoppers. If there are signs of these problems, the plant should be treated with insecticide.