What are the different types of air conditioners?

Real Estate Agent with Velva Dunn

Air conditioners are responsible for removing heat and moisture from an occupied house to make the home livable and the air conducive. Air conditioners play an essential role in delivering fresh humid free air that is gentle to the breathing system. There are different types and designs of air conditioners, and your choice should be dependent on the kind of space it is going to serve, its size, and the weather. The different types of air conditioners include;

Window air conditioner

A window air conditioner caters to individuals staying in small homes or apartments. As the names suggest, it pushes out cold air from the house through its back and sides while letting cold air from the front area. Window air conditioners are mostly inexpensive and easy to mount, making them the preferred choice for homeowners. However, they render the window they are placed on useless as they hinder both light and fresh air from getting into the house.

Package Terminal Air conditioners

Package Terminal air conditioners, also known as PTACs, are the type of air conditioners that powers commercial spaces such as hospitals, airports, schools, restaurants, and hotels. The PTAC system is ductless that eases the installation process, and makes the overall price cheaper. Online platforms like PTAC Inc focus on delivering quality PTAC, installation, and maintenance to ensure quality service in commercial and residential spaces.

Portable air conditioner

Portable air conditioners are useful in housing facilities where window air conditioners are prohibited, or the unit design does not allow one. It functions as a window air conditioner, though it is slightly noisier. The portable air conditioner is ideal for small commercial rooms or rented rooms as it makes the spaces livable in harsh weather.

Central air conditioner

The central air conditioner is a device widely used in big homes due to its ability to comfortably cool the various rooms. The central air conditioner uses supply return ducts to circulate air around the house. Supply ducts carry cold air supplying it through the house using the floors or walls while the register ducts have warm air back to the air conditioner. Central air conditioners require expert knowledge to correctly determine which one suits the house needs and meets the supply before the installation process begins.

Through-the-wall air conditioner

Through-the-wall air conditioners are great for units without windows or those that want to utilize their windows. It is installed by taking out a part of the wall and reinforcing it to hold the conditioner. Through-the-wall are self-contained systems meaning they house everything in the same spot and are useful to cool room additions not connected to the central air conditioning system. However, the wall air conditioners should be installed by experts as it involves taking down a part of the house during the process.

Ductless split system air conditioners

Ductless air conditioners are used to individually cool or warm rooms separately. They have an outer part where warm air gets directed for cooling before being brought back through ducts to the house and supplied to the different places. Ductless air conditioners must thus be installed by professionals who understand the HVAC rules and properly execute the job. They are regulated by thermostatic knobs that are manual or electric, depending on the model year, allowing them to control the temperature.


Other air conditioning types have emerged that utilize water and geothermal for the cooling process making them energy efficient. The different types of air conditioners are essential to provide variety and prevent a monopoly of the market.

Comments (1)

Potranco Realty
Potranco Realty - San Antonio, TX
"Sold with Potranco Realty"

Good to know the differences when it comes to air-conditioners, I find mini-split systems are popular with homeowners.

Oct 23, 2020 04:56 AM