Joseph James Kinyoun was born in East Bend, North Carolina back in 1860 to John and Elizabeth. The family moved to Post Oak, Missouri in 1866. His father was a general practitioner, Joseph studied medicine with his father’s guidance. He attended the St. Louis Medical College and Bellevue Medical College graduating with a M.D. in 1882.
He completed his postdoctoral studies at the Carnegie Laboratory where he became the first bacteriology student studying cholera. In 1886, he began his career at Marine Hospital Service at Staten Island as an assistant surgeon. In 1891, the chief surgeon left placing the 26-year-old Joseph in charge of the nation’s first federal bacteriology laboratory. Later he was a professor of bacteriology and pathology at George Washington University. Afterwards he became a bacteriologist for the District of Columbia Health Department, he held that position until his death in 1909.
What you may not know about Dr. Kinyoun is that he was the founder of the United States Hyglenic Laboratory, the predecessor of the National Institutes of Health.
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