Types of Mortgage Loans for Buyers and Sellers

By
Real Estate Broker/Owner with Sandra Nickel REALTORS

There was a time when there were three mortgage loan types available to home buyers. You could get a Fixed-Rate Conventional Mortgage, an FHA Loan or a VA Loan. But times, they are a changing.  Now there is a vast array of mortgage loan types to be had!  Let’s learn about some of them, and the differences between them.

We will start with the Most Popular:

FIXED-RATE MORTGAGES - These loans come in 5-year, 10-year, 15-year, 20-year, 30-year, 40-year, and even 50-year timeframes and they are all completely amortized.

FHA LOANS - FHA Mortgage Loan types are insured by the government through mortgage insurance that is funded into the loan. This is an ideal loan type for first-time buyers because it has minimal down payment requirements and does not rely on credit scores for approval.

VA LOANS - VA loans are government loans available to veterans who have served in the Armed Forces for the United States. They are also available to spouses of deceased veterans in some cases.  The requirements depend upon the years of service and whether or not the veteran was honorably discharged or not. The primary benefit of a VA Loan is that the borrower does not have to come up with a down payment. The loan is guaranteed by the Department of Veterans Affairs, but funded by a conventional lender.

USDA LOANS - USDA Loans are offered through the U.S. Department of Agriculture for eligible home buyers who want to buy a rural property.  They often come with no down payment required and can sometimes be more affordable than an FHA loan.

INTEREST-ONLY MORTGAGE TYPES – This name is a bit misleading, as these loans are not truly interest-only in terms of the borrower only paying interest on the loan.  The reality of the interest-only mortgage is that it offers an option to make an interest-only payment. This option is only available for a set period of time.  However, there are some junior mortgages that are interest-only and necessitate a balloon payment in the amount of the original loan balance at maturity.

Now, let’s take a look at HYBRID LOANS:

ADJUSTABLE-RATE MORTGAGE TYPES -  There are various types of adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMS). They can fluctuate monthly, semi-annually, annually, or remain fixed for a set amount of time before they adjust.

OPTION ARM MORTGAGE TYPES – These types of loans are complicated. Like your standard ARM, the interest rate on them will fluctuate periodically, but in these loans, the borrowers can choose from various payment options and index rates.  WARNING: The minimum payment option can be dangerous as it can result in negative amortization.

COMBO/PIGGYBACK MORTGAGE LOAN TYPES – This is a type of financing that consists of TWO loans: a first mortgage and a second mortgage. They can be adjustable-rate, fixed-rate or a combination of both.  This is option is used by borrowers when the down payment is less than 20% in order to avoid paying private mortgage insurance.

MORTGAGE BUYDOWNS – A mortgage buy down is a choice for borrowers who want to pay a lower interest rate in the beginning of their loan.  Basically, fees are paid to lower the rate, thus the name buydown. Buyers, sellers, or lenders can buy down the interest rate for the borrower.

Finally, Specialty Mortgage Loan Types:

BRIDGE LOANS – Bridge loans are used when a seller’s home has not yet sold and the seller wants to borrow equity to buy another home.  The seller’s existing home is used as collateral for the bridge loan.

STREAMLINED-K MORTGAGE LOANS – FHA has a program that provides money to a borrower to make home improvements by rolling the funds into one loan. This is similar to the 203(K) Loan Program, but involves less paper work and is easier to get than a 203(K).

EQUITY MORTGAGE LOAN TYPES – Equity loans are second, or junior to the existing first mortgage. Borrowers take out equity loans to get access to cash. The loans can be adjustable, fixed, or a line of credit that allows the borrower to obtain funds on an as needed basis.

SHAERED APPRECIATION MORTGAGES – These are rare in the United States, but shared appreciation mortgages allow home buyers to share part of their property’s value gains with an investor or lender. The guaranteed return to the lender means that the borrower will get a lower interest rate and lower monthly payment on the loan.

REVERSE MORTGAGE – This type of mortgage is for people over the age of 62 who have enough equity in their homes.  Instead of making monthly payments to the lender, the lender makes monthly payments to the borrower for the duration of their residence in the home. Reverse mortgages can be done with either fixed or adjustable interest rates. Please get advice from a trusted advisor before considering a reverse mortgage!

If you are in the market to buy or sell a home, let Sandra Nickel and her Hat Team of Professionals assist you with all your real estate needs! Call them today at 334-834-1500 and check out https://www.homesforsaleinmontgomeryalabama.com/ for more info! 

Comments (3)

Joe Jackson
Keller Williams Capital Partners Realty - Columbus, OH
Clintonville and Central Ohio Real Estate Expert

This is such a great piece of info! Thanks for sharing!

Mar 18, 2021 04:29 AM
Winston Rowe & Associates CRE Investing Financing
Winston Rowe & Associates - Saint Clair Shores, MI
No Upfront Fee Commercial Loans

Well written.

Mar 19, 2021 06:44 PM
Kristin Johnston - REALTOR®
RE/MAX Realty Center - Waukesha, WI
Giving Back With Each Home Sold!

Great information.  Thanks for sharing and have a wonderful day!

May 05, 2021 07:29 AM