Richard Lower was born in St. Tudy, England back in 1631. He studied at Westminster School. He moved to London where he carried out research with Robert Hooke. He formed an informal research team, performing laboratory experiments at the University of Oxford. He earned his M.D. degree in 1665.
He was a medical student under Professor Willis collaborating with him to investigate the nervous system. Later he traced the circulation of blood as it passes through the lungs and learned that it changes when exposed to air. He was the first to observe the difference in arterial and venous blood. Willis died in 1675, making Richard very busy with the demands of his medical practice. He died in London from a fever in 1691, he was 60.
What you may not know about Dr. Lower is that he is most remembered as the inventor of blood transfusion. Bet you didn’t know that practice had been around for that long, did you?
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