Cluny Macpherson

Managing Real Estate Broker with Fathom Realty PB00068179

Cluny Macpherson was born in St. John’s, Newfoundland back in 1879 to Campbell and Emma.  He attended the Methodist College and the McGill University Faculty of Medicine from 1879 to 1901, earning his Medical Degree.  He volunteered with the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fisherman.

In1902, he returned to Newfoundland where he ran the hospital Battle Harbor until 1904.  When World War I broke out he enlisted in the Newfoundland Regiment organizing volunteers into an Ambulance Unit, which continued throughout the war.  He was commissioned as a captain serving as the principal medical officer for the St. John Ambulance Brigade. He saw action in Belgium and France at Salonika and Gallipoli.  After suffering a war injury in Egypt, he returned to Newfoundland in 1916.  He served as the Director of Medical Services for the Militia.  For his wartime services, he was made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George in 1918.  He died in 1966, he was 87.

What you may not know about Cluny is that while apparently was a wonderful doctor he is most noted for the inventor of the early gas mask.  He made the mask by using chemical absorbing fabric which fitted over the entire head.

NW Arkansas, come for a visit, stay for a lifetime.


Posted by


NW Arkansas the home of WalMart, JB Hunt Trucking and Tyson Foods.


Come for a visit stay for a lifetime.  



Comments (17)

m m

was intersting .

Sep 08, 2021 12:59 AM
Raymond E. Camp
Ontario, NY

Good morning James,

And he saved quite a few lives in the process!

Make yourself an astonishing day.

Sep 08, 2021 04:14 AM
Nina Hollander, Broker
Coldwell Banker Realty - Charlotte, NC
Your Greater Charlotte Realtor

Hi James... that was an important invention especially during the first world war.

Sep 08, 2021 04:38 AM
Wayne Martin
Wayne M Martin - Chicago, IL
Real Estate Broker - Retired

Good morning James. Where there is a will there is a way. Cluny thought so! Enjoy your day. 

Sep 08, 2021 05:04 AM
Brian England
Ambrose Realty Management LLC - Gilbert, AZ
MBA, GRI, REALTOR® Real Estate in East Valley AZ

I have never worn a gas mask and I hope that I am never in a situation where I would be required to wear one.

Sep 08, 2021 05:50 AM
Michael Jacobs
Pasadena, CA
Los Angeles Pasadena 818.516.4393

Hello James - MacPherson certainly took an interesting journey in his life.  Inventing the gas mask was just a part of it.  

Sep 08, 2021 05:55 AM
Roy Kelley
Retired - Gaithersburg, MD

Thank you very much, James, for sharing this story.

Take care and be safe.

Sep 08, 2021 06:22 AM
Joan Cox
House to Home, Inc. - Denver Real Estate - 720-231-6373 - Denver, CO
Denver Real Estate - Selling One Home at a Time

James, I sure admire those who have the ability to create something like a gas mask.

Sep 08, 2021 06:30 AM
Ron and Alexandra Seigel
Napa Consultants - Carpinteria, CA
Luxury Real Estate Branding, Marketing & Strategy


What a great invention Mr. MacPherson came up with.  This is a great contribution in winning wars. A

Sep 08, 2021 06:37 AM
faye schubert
Retired - Branson, MO
Living the Branson Lake Life

That gas mask saved a lot of people in WW1.

Sep 08, 2021 06:49 AM
Jeffrey DiMuria 321.223.6253 Waves Realty
Waves Realty - Melbourne, FL
Florida Space Coast Homes

I have never heard of chemical absorbing fabric. That was quite an invention for the day.

Sep 08, 2021 07:42 AM
Grant Schneider
Performance Development Strategies - Armonk, NY
Your Coach Helping You Create Successful Outcomes

Hi James - when I think about gas masks I think right away about World War I.

Sep 08, 2021 08:21 AM
Kathy Streib
Cypress, TX
Home Stager/Redesign

Hi James- very important invention. I remember seeing photos of soldiers wearing them. 

Sep 08, 2021 10:22 AM
Jeff Dowler, CRS
eXp Realty of California, Inc. - Carlsbad, CA
The Southern California Relocation Dude

His life was certainly one of achievements in the medical field. Not a bad invention, I'd say.

Sep 08, 2021 02:26 PM
Endre Barath, Jr.
Berkshire Hathaway HomeServices California Properties - Beverly Hills, CA
Realtor - Los Angeles Home Sales 310.486.1002

James how interesting, on a side note the Masks we wear I lovingly call "Gas Masks" when I tell people who come to showings "Please don't forget to put on your Gas Mask it is the law here":))))Endre

Sep 08, 2021 10:51 PM
Bob "RealMan" Timm
Ward County Notary Services - Minot, ND
Owner of Ward Co Notary Services retired RE Broker

I remember you having another gas mask story in the past James Dray so now I'm wondering "what's up with that?"

Sep 09, 2021 05:45 AM
John Juarez
The Medford Real Estate Team - Fremont, CA

Cluny Macpherson was apparently an excellent doctor but his invention of a gas mask to protect soldiers in WW1 may have saved more lives than medical work did.

Nov 21, 2021 02:57 PM