41 - Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after Caligula’s assassination by the Praetorian Guards.
1656 – Dr. Jacob Lumbrozo arrives in Maryland, making him the first Jewish doctor in America.
1848 - James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, Calif., near Sacramento, initiating what would become the California Gold Rush.
1943 – A desperate Hitler orders Nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death; he also orders the remaining Jewish patients, nurses and doctors at Auschwitz-Birkenau be incinerated.
Here is a bonus item you may not know: in 1964 the 24th Amendment to the U.Ss Constitution went into effect. It states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes.
Image of Sutter's Mill courtesy of public domain. Thanks for reading 4 Odd But True Facts From January 24.