A Beginners Guide About Greenhouse Gas Protocol

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What is GHG Protocol?

Over the past 20 years, GHG emissions have increasingly become an important component of most sustainable development strategies. The Protocol defines requirements to identify, measure, estimate, and report greenhouse gas emissions related to projects and operations related to human activities and associated activities which contribute to global warming. Greenhouse Gas Protocol, commonly known as GHG Protocol, is known as one of the most robust, reliable and robust standards in the market place. It is used around the world in public and private sector sectors and other organizations.

How is the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Developed?

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) sets out requirements to measure, classify, report and verify greenhouse gas emissions in a transparent and consistent manner for all levels of organizations. The Protocol was developed by a committee of companies, governments, and non-governmental organizations under the leadership of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). A Draft Standard developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. State Department was approved by the EPA Science Advisory Board in 2012 and the Administration for International Development (USAID) in 2011.

The GHG Protocol has been developed as an intergovernmental agreement. It is a consensus-based and voluntary standard, applicable to all parties to the UNFCCC. Its underlying principles are intended to facilitate commercial access and allow for commercial equivalence at the request of parties. The GHG Protocol does not establish any rights for emissions reporting. Its aim is to provide information to stakeholders and facilitate access to information and data that will contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. The purpose is to enable a transition to a low carbon economy. 

What are the Dimensions Involved in It? 

In order to understand the ghg protocol, it is important to understand that there are a number of dimensions involved. Let’s briefly cover them.

  • The purpose of the protocol is to report and identify greenhouse gas emissions, this is done through the use of fundamental data. This involves understanding emission sources (any source of pollution in a specific location), emissions pathways (how greenhouse gas pollution is produced) and measurement capabilities (measurement techniques). This fundamental data is what will help companies, governments and non-governmental organizations to calculate greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the protocol covers a number of measures, not just CO2 emissions.
  • The protocol requires companies to report emissions related to their products and activities. The GHG Protocol is developed on the basis of broad participation and collaboration. It does not impose any obligations on its users.
  • The protocol sets out international and national goals related to carbon reductions (reduction of total emissions by 60-80 per cent in the aggregate by 2050). This provides an objective and measurable baseline to measure greenhouse gas emissions. Greenly.earth is a best website dedicated to reporting GHG emissions in the public and private sectors.
  • All GHG reporting activities that are voluntary must be reviewed and approved by a committee that includes representatives from parties to the UNFCCC. The reporting information will help inform decision-making by governments and businesses. It will also help the respective parties to monitor the progress made by each member.
  • A secretariat oversees the implementation of the GHG Protocol. It is accountable to the UNFCCC and the Parties to the Protocol (i.e., the Parties to the UNFCCC). The secretariat is also responsible for ensuring that the rules of the GHG Protocol are obeyed by all parties to the protocol.
  • Regulations are adopted through their use of fundamental data, so the protocol also includes a regulatory reporting requirement. Companies are not required to submit emissions reports to the protocol, rather it is the compliance with the protocol that is the reason why they are required to submit emissions reports. The GHG Protocol is recognized as the basis of the Australian government’s reporting obligation for major emitters.

Hence, the secretariat is responsible for verifying emissions reporting and the quality of the emissions data provided. It also ensures that this information is communicated in a transparent manner to all parties to the protocol. The protocol also requires that governments issue “schedules” of greenhouse gas emission reductions. These represent the limits that each party can use as targets in their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


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