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How The Humble Bird Became the Symbol of ThanksGiving!

Services for Real Estate Pros Retired

"I am grateful for what I am and have. My Thanksgiving is perpetual." - Henry David Thoreau.

Most of us remember learning about the first Thanksgiving in 1621 between the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag Native Americans. All joined together to conciliate over a table piled with food. Indeed, the turkey must have been on the table, too, right?

Contrary to popular belief, there's no evidence that turkey was present at the first Thanksgiving feast! The wild turkeys prevalent in Massachusetts at the time were tricky to catch and not very tasty.

So, how did this humble bird become an integral part of Thanksgiving?

According to Plimoth Plantation, a historic site in Massachusetts, most accounts of the first Thanksgiving—including one from Edward Winslow, an English leader who attended the first Thanksgiving—say that they ate fowl and venison!

It dates back to an American writer named Sarah Josepha Hale. Born in 1788 in New Hampshire, Sarah Hale was a popular editor and a trendsetter in fashion, cooking, and literature. She's the same woman who wrote the famous nursery rhyme: "Mary Had a Little Lamb!"

She's acclaimed to be the only reason Thanksgiving has a turkey at its center today, so much so that she's called the "Godmother of Thanksgiving."

Ms. Hale was infatuated with establishing Thanksgiving as a national holiday. She often wrote about Thanksgiving's power to unify the nation, instill moral values, and predicate religious meanings.

For 17 years, Ms. Hale advocated for Thanksgiving to become a national holiday and wrote to five presidents, including Abraham Lincoln!

Her letter to Abraham Lincoln led to the creation of our nation's beloved holiday. And in 1863, the very same year Hale wrote the letter, Lincoln invited all Americans to celebrate the last Thursday of November as Thanksgiving.

But, unfortunately for Hale, it wasn't until after her passing that the U.S. Senate, House of Representatives, and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt named Thanksgiving a legal holiday.

Why did Hale love the turkey so much? What's so special about it?" To her, the answer is simple: it's a symbol of America's great wealth and ability to care for and provide for its citizens. And the symbol of America's care for its people has continued to this day.

It's a mascot of unification, Thanksgiving, and our country.

Because of Turkey's role in Thanksgiving, we now associate the clucking bird with gratitude, generosity, family, and friendship

And like Thanksgiving, Turkey brings us together to share in the contagious spirit of love and thankfulness.

So, this Thanksgiving or next time you sit down to Thanksgiving dinner, take a moment to be grateful for Turkey—the humble bird that has come to represent so much.

Photos By Shutterstock

Posted by

I have wandered from a vibrant corner of the world, Thailand, to the bustling city of Boston. And again, to the tranquil beauty of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington. 

I have found my place!

After a fulfilling career spanning 16 years in the corporate world and 22 years in real estate, I have entered a new chapter of life---retirement. As a proud grandmother, I cherish every moment with my precious family. In the remaining hours, I am ready to pursue my lifelong passion for writing!

I invite you to follow my new journey via my heart and soul into a book brimming with uplifting tales, ready to inspire anyone who seeks a glimpse of true inspiration.

Aura Alex


Wayne Martin
Wayne M Martin - Oswego, IL
Real Estate Broker - Retired

Good morning Aura. The turkey may consider themselves humble, but a trip to the grocery store to procure one this year may require being followed by a Brink's truck! Enjoy your day.

Nov 17, 2022 04:12 AM
Aura Alex

Wayne Martin: We usually donate our turkey to a good cause. Our family cooks duck (the price is not that much lower!). 

Nov 17, 2022 11:12 AM
Michael Jacobs
Pasadena, CA
Pasadena And Southern California 818.516.4393

Hello Aura - and here I was wondering if there might be a bird gesture coming in this post since I assumed a side order of Craptacular Cranberries might be served.  

Nov 17, 2022 04:33 AM
Aura Alex

I have never developed a taste for Craptacular Cranberries, Michael Jacobs. We serve Mango Salad with Thanksgiving duck and no turkey this year!

Nov 17, 2022 11:16 AM
Brian England
Ambrose Realty Management LLC - Gilbert, AZ
MBA, GRI, REALTOR® Real Estate in East Valley AZ

I have never heard of Sarah Hale before today but I am glad that I learned about her and her love for Thanksgiving.  With how our government currently does things, the phrase "America's care for its people" gave me a little chuckle, haha.

Nov 17, 2022 04:39 AM
Aura Alex

Brian England and Sarah Hale referred to the Great Depression in the mid-30s and FDR eras. The Government provided aid to ease the hardship during the Depression. 

I know it's hard to believe "America cares for its people today," but we must focus on "people" who have made America what it is today. And not some bad politicians! Enjoy the season, and eat some turkey, haha!

Nov 17, 2022 11:26 AM
Kat Palmiotti
eXp Commercial, Referral Divison - Kalispell, MT
Helping your Montana dreams take root

Turkeys are so interesting! We have them all over our neighborhood - it's fun in the morning to walk down the road and see them still sitting way up in trees where they sleep overnight. Anyway, Happy Early Thanksgiving!

Nov 17, 2022 04:42 AM
Aura Alex

Kat Palmiotti, my grandma's family, raised turkeys and chicken while I was growing up. I remember wondering as a kid why male turkeys have the look of colorful feathers and not females! It's one of those "unbalanced" and misunderstood natures none could argue. 

We have our Thanksgiving early (this Sunday) as we usually volunteer to deliver food to seniors living alone and in need every year.

I wish you a Happy Thanksgiving, Kat. 

Nov 17, 2022 11:37 AM
Nina Hollander, Broker
Coldwell Banker Realty - Charlotte, NC
Your Greater Charlotte Realtor

Good morning, Aura... great recap of the history of Thanksgiving and the turkey's role in our annual celebration. I know they always refer to the turkey as a humble bird, but I've never understood why. I don't think of it ever as a "humble" creature.

Nov 17, 2022 04:54 AM
Aura Alex

Hi, Nina Hollander, Broker; I believe Turkey is humble because it doesn't attack or kill other creatures like other big birds such as eagles. Some Indian tribes would hunt turkey when others, like deer and buffaloes, were depleted. 

The creature carries symbolic value among tribes linked to Native Americans. Turkey feathers remain valuable and essential in many ritual practices.

I wish you a very Happy Thanksgiving! 😍 

Nov 17, 2022 11:57 AM
Nina Hollander, Broker

Aura Alex I see your point on the idea of a turkey being humble because it's not a predator.

Nov 18, 2022 04:41 AM
Barbara Michaluk
Weichert Realtors | Phone Direct 240-506-2434 | 301-681-0550 office - Silver Spring, MD
Leisure World Specialist / Full Service REALTOR

Aura, This was a walk down memory lane about how turkeys became such a significant part of Thanksgiving. I'm a vegetarian so I don't eat turkey, but I respect other family choices and will cook one for the holiday.

Nov 17, 2022 05:01 AM
Aura Alex

Hi, Barbara Michaluk; I love turkey but have never cooked a whole turkey for a holiday. Our family cooks ducks for Thanksgiving. 

I guess the importance of celebrating the holiday is to be with family and friends. I hope you'll enjoy yours! Happy Thanksgiving!

Nov 17, 2022 12:00 PM
Grant Schneider
Performance Development Strategies - Armonk, NY
Your Coach Helping You Create Successful Outcomes

Good morning Aura - thanks for recounting that story.  I did know it and I have been to Plimouth Plantation as well as Mary's schoolhouse in South Sudbury, MA.

Nov 17, 2022 05:52 AM
Aura Alex

Hi, Grant Schneider: I lived in Plymouth, MA, when I worked in Boston. Later we moved further away from the city and founded a small town called Duxbury (outside of Plymouth), closer to the water. I loved it out there until Winter became unbearable! 

Nov 17, 2022 12:04 PM
Leanne Smith
Dirt Road Real Estate - Golden Valley, AZ
The Grit and Gratitude Agent

Thank you for the sharing of this historical information. I also read that the turkey was often used for special celebrations.

Nov 17, 2022 06:01 AM
Aura Alex

Hi, Leanne Smith; I know the turkey story linked to early Native Americans, and some tribes use turkey for different celebrations.

It's always interesting to learn about history. 

Nov 17, 2022 12:11 PM
Ed Silva, 203-206-0754
Mapleridge Realty, CT 203-206-0754 - Waterbury, CT
Central CT Real Estate Broker Serving all equally

Interesting story on that bird and I for one will appreciate its dark meat next Thursday

Nov 17, 2022 09:53 AM
Aura Alex

Hi, Ed Silva; I, too, love dark turkey meat. The only white meat I enjoy is Duck breast. 

Enjoy your Happy Thanksgiving Day! 

Nov 17, 2022 12:14 PM
Anna "Banana" Kruchten
HomeSmart Real Estate - Phoenix, AZ

Interesting history Aura!  I remember some of it but didn't know much about Sarah Hale " The Godmother of Thanksgiving.  I will thank her this year as we gather around the table this Thanksgiving!  I've already purchased a fresh bird and I am looking forward to a wonderful holiday.  Happy Thanksgiving!  And enjoy your Thanksgiving Duck :)

Nov 17, 2022 12:47 PM
Anna "Banana" Kruchten

Quack! Quack!

Nov 17, 2022 04:00 PM
Aura Alex

Anna Banana Kruchten CRS, Phoenix Broker: Haha...I love turkey, and I will eat someone's else cooked turkey. 

My family enjoys Thanksgiving ducks. My daughter said, "Mom, I know you have become Americanized, but nothing could take the Asian Duck out of you!" She's right. Quack!!🦢

Nov 17, 2022 12:57 PM
Myrl Jeffcoat
Sacramento, CA
Greater Sacramento Realtor - Retired

That is interesting history, Aura.  I knew none of that before, so I have learned something new today.

Nov 17, 2022 01:25 PM
Myrl Jeffcoat
Sacramento, CA
Greater Sacramento Realtor - Retired

CONGRATULATIONS Aura, on having this blog FEATURED in the Old Farts Club group!  

Nov 17, 2022 01:39 PM
Aura Alex
Seattle, WA
Retired Real Estate Pro

Hi, Myrl Jeffcoat. I lived in Plymouth, MA, for a few years and learned about Plymouth Rock, the Mayflower, and the Plimoth Plantation out of necessity as I needed to show off my knowledge of the history and shared it with friends from afar like from Boston. LOL!

Although there are many stories about the British who boarded the Mayflower and made it to the Plimoth Plantation, many gave up or died from diseases and the harsh environment unfamiliar to the Pilgrims.  

I appreciate your support of this post by featuring it in your group. Thank you.

Nov 17, 2022 02:24 PM
Roy Kelley
Retired - Gaithersburg, MD

Thank you very much, Aura, for sharing this interesting Thanksgiving turkey lesson.

Enjoy the holiday season.

Nov 18, 2022 03:52 AM
Aura Alex

I wish you the same, Roy/. Thank you for the reblog. 

Nov 19, 2022 06:24 PM
Carol Williams
Although I'm retired, I love sharing my knowledge and learning from other real estate industry professionals. - Wenatchee, WA
Retired Agent / Broker / Prop. Mgr, Wenatchee, WA

Hi Aura,
I had read the history of Sarah Hale, but the details were fuzzy.  Thanks for the reminder on the details:

I love Thoreau's quote: "My Thanksgiving is perpetual".   

Nov 18, 2022 09:56 AM
Aura Alex

Carol Williams: Yep, me too, for Thoreau's quote! 

Nov 18, 2022 12:55 PM
Kathleen Daniels, Probate & Trust Specialist
KD Realty - 408.972.1822 - San Jose, CA
Probate Real Estate Services

I learned something here today Miss Aura Alex - Thanksgiving for me could be pumpkin pie and stuffing.  I have not eaten any time of animal, eggs, etc. in years. 

Your mango salad sounds wonderful. I might prefer that over craptcaular cranberries. 

Nov 19, 2022 09:18 AM
Aura Alex

Hi, Kathleen Daniels, Probate & Trust Specialist, I usually make papaya salad, but it's hard to find papaya this time of year. So, I will use Mango instead. Yum!

Enjoy your meatless Thanksgiving meal. The 10th anniversary of a cancer-free life is a blessing and I am grateful to get to know you!

Nov 19, 2022 06:16 PM
Hannah Williams
HomeStarr Realty - Philadelphia, PA
Expertise NE Philadelphia & Bucks 215-820-3376

Aura Alex  Thank you for this beautiful story about Thanksgiving - I missed it and found it on a Re-blog  from Roy Kelley 

Nov 19, 2022 11:55 AM
Aura Alex

Hi, Hannah Williams. Thank you for being here.

Thank you, Roy Kelley for the reblog.

Have a wonderful Thanksgiving!


Nov 19, 2022 06:18 PM
Endre Barath, Jr.
Berkshire Hathaway HomeServices California Properties - Beverly Hills, CA
Realtor - Los Angeles Home Sales 310.486.1002

Aura Alex loved the post and I hope you had a very Happy Thanksgiving today, Endre

Nov 24, 2022 09:38 PM
Aura Alex
Seattle, WA
Retired Real Estate Pro

Hey, Endre Barath, Jr., we had our (Thanksgiving) ducks last Sunday before Thanksgiving, so we could volunteer to help serve meals to seniors who are alone and the homeless. 

We joined the non-profit community and volunteered to help. It has made our Thanksgiving much more meaningful since neither of us (my husband and me) has a nearby family. So, everyone we serve meals has become our "family" during the holidays. "Giving is Receiving," Endre. I hope your Thanksgiving was wonderful!

Nov 25, 2022 12:43 PM