March 25th is Maryland Day

Industry Observer with Retired

March 25th is Maryland Day

Maryland Day is a legal holiday in the state of Maryland. It is observed on the anniversary of the March 25, 1634, landing of the first European settlers in the Province of Maryland, the third English colony to be settled in British North America.


Montgomery County MD on Twitter: "Happy Birthday, Maryland! Maryland Day  commemorates March 25, 1634, the day settlers landed in from two small  sailing ships. Learn more here: #marylandday  #marylandbirthday ...

Maryland Day commemorates March 25, 1634. On that day, settlers disembarked from two small sailing ships - the Ark and the Dove - on to Maryland soil. At St. Clement's Island, they landed in what is now St. Mary's County, Maryland.

The Maryland settlement was authorized under the charter granted June 20, 1632, by Charles I of England to Cecilius Calvert, Baron of Baltimore. Traveling on the Ark to the new colony, Leonard Calvert, Lord Baltimore's brother, led the Maryland settlers. The purpose of their voyage was not to discover new lands but to settle them. And, as it happened, they journeyed from island to island to find their new world.1

Departing on November 22, 1633, these travelers (about 140 in number) set off from Cowes on the English Isle of Wight. Three days later a severe storm tossed them relentlessly about at sea. The morning after, the Dove (the smaller ship) could not be seen. The Ark continued its journey, following the European coast south to the Fortunate (now Canary) Islands. From the Canaries, the Ark sailed due west across the Atlantic, touching land at the island of Barbados in the West Indies on January 3, 1633/4. There, the ship's weary travelers stayed three weeks replenishing provisions, and there the Dove reappeared, having weathered the Atlantic voyage alone. At other Caribbean isles they also landed, and then sailed north. They reached Virginia on February 27th, gathered more supplies, and navigated Chesapeake Bay north to the mouth of the Potomac by March 3rd.

As these voyagers approached southern Maryland shores in March 1634, their ships alarmed Native Americans, who sent alerts with huge signal fires. To meet the Conoy Indian chief and calm Indian fears, Leonard Calvert on the Dove sailed to Piscataway. There, they negotiated a peaceable accord, and then Calvert sailed back down the Potomac off present-day St. Mary's County. On March 25th, the English settlers climbed down from the Ark and the Dove and rowed to the island which they named St. Clement's. They held a day of thanksgiving for their safe voyage end, and we continue to commemorate it as Maryland Day.

The formal observance of Maryland Day began in 1903 when the State Board of Education chose one day in the school year to be devoted to Maryland history. March 25th was named Maryland Day by the Board. In 1916, the General Assembly authorized Maryland Day as a legal holiday (Chapter 633, Acts of 1916). 

Maryland Manual On-Line


[color line drawing, Maryland State Flag]


"Today we commemorate the birth of our state and the rich tapestry of culture, history, and customs that make Maryland unique. With its magnificent state parks and vibrant cities, Maryland is a treasure trove of experiences."  A Montgomery County, Maryland announcement


Chrysanthemum, Longwood Gardens, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania USA

IMG 7829
Canon PowerShot G11 Camera
Photograph by Roy Kelley
Roy and Dolores Kelley Photographs

Posted by

Roy Kelley, Retired, Former Associate Broker, RE/MAX Realty Group

Gaithersburg, Maryland  

Comments (18)

Buzz Mackintosh
Mackintosh REALTORS - Frederick, MD
“Experience, reliable, leadership”

Thanks for the history lesson Roy Kelley!

Mar 25, 2023 10:30 AM
Roy Kelley
Retired - Gaithersburg, MD

Buzz Mackintosh 

Thanks for sharing your photograph of the Maryland State Flower. Black-eyed Susan.

The Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) has been the official Maryland flower since 1918 when it was designated the "Floral Emblem" of Maryland by the General Assembly. 

Mar 25, 2023 10:35 AM
Michael Jacobs
Pasadena, CA
Los Angeles Pasadena 818.516.4393

Hello and Happy Maryland Day, Roy - may the celebrating continue. . .  🦀🦀🦀

Mar 25, 2023 11:18 AM
Joan Cox
House to Home, Inc. - Denver Real Estate - 720-231-6373 - Denver, CO
Denver Real Estate - Selling One Home at a Time

Happy Birthday Maryland, and thanks for sharing this Roy!

Mar 25, 2023 11:43 AM
Roy Kelley

Many are not aware of this early American history. It is a good lesson to share with the kids.

Mar 25, 2023 11:50 AM
Dr. Paula McDonald
Beam & Branch Realty - Granbury, TX
Granbury, TX 936-203-0279

Happy weekend to you, Roy. Hope you and Delores are doing well.

Mar 25, 2023 11:57 AM
Bill Salvatore - East Valley
Arizona Elite Properties - Chandler, AZ
Realtor - 602-999-0952 / em:

Happy Maryland Day, 1634, you guys are one of the first states then. Bill 

Mar 25, 2023 12:55 PM
Andrew Mooers | 207.532.6573
Northern Maine Real Estate-Aroostook County Broker

I learned a lot I did not know about Maryland Roy Kelley !

Mar 25, 2023 01:45 PM
Sheri Sperry - MCNE®
Coldwell Banker Realty - Sedona, AZ
(928) 274-7355 ~ YOUR Solutions REALTOR®

Hi Roy,

You certainly have a long and storied history, especially when you compare it to the wild-west of Arizona! We are barely out of our first 100 years!

Mar 25, 2023 05:28 PM
Kathy Streib
Cypress, TX
Home Stager/Redesign

Hi Royband Happy Maryland Day!!! That was an interesting history lesson!!!! Hello to Chef Dolores. 

Mar 25, 2023 06:02 PM
Myrl Jeffcoat
Sacramento, CA
Greater Sacramento Realtor - Retired

I was sitting here thinking. California doesn't really celebrate the anniversary of it becoming a state (September 9th).  They need to fix that.

Mar 26, 2023 01:15 PM
Roy Kelley
Retired - Gaithersburg, MD

Thank you very much for your comments. It is always good to hear from you.

Mar 27, 2023 09:05 AM