Back on November 28, 1843, the Kingdom of Hawaii was first officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
The islands were first settled by Polynesians sometime between 124 and 1120 AD. Hawaiian civilization was isolated from the rest of the world for at least 500 years.
A 1778 expedition led by British explorer James Cook is usually considered to be the first Europeans to arrive in the Hawaiian Islands. By 1898, the monarchy was usurped through American businessmen. It eventually became the fiftieth state of America.
Ka Lāhui (Hawaiian Independence Day) is part of the newer Hawaiian Independence movement. The movement seeks to reclaim Hawaiian language, heritage, lands and culture by and for native Hawaiians.
Current battles continue over Red Hill's storage of fuel over the island's aquifer and use of the volcano Mauna Kea.
Here is a quote from the Ka Lahui Hawaii page at https://www.facebook.com/KaLahuiHawaiiKomikeKalaiaina/ on Facebook:
“Colonialism continues to manifest in Hawaii through tourism. Just seven years after statehood, the number of visitors had doubled, catalyzing a shift in the economy from sugar to tourism. This tourism industry is built on a carefully constructed fantasy of our culture, land and people that explicitly appeals to White tourists while ignoring the realities we face as Native Hawaiians.”
Images courtesy of public domain and Ka Lahui historical documents.
Thanks for reading "Happy Hawaiian Independence Day Nov. 28".