Andover, MA ( 01810 ) is located in Essex County, which is in the northeastern part of the state and borders New Hampsire. It is about 23 miles north of Boston. Andover's western border is on the bank of the Merrimack River. Beyond the river are Dracut, MA and Methuen, MA. To the north are Lawrence, MA and North Andover, MA, to the east is North Reading, MA and on the south are Tewksbury, MA and Wilmington, MA.
A highly-desired Massachusetts community, Andover's real estate market includes both older and newer houses, townhouses and condominiums in a wide range of prices. You can search Andover real estate now for free. The town has approximately 32 square miles of land and a population of about 19,000.
Andover was originally settled in 1636, under the Indian name of Cochicewick, a waterway in the region. The community was incorporated in 1646 as Andover, named after a town in England where many of the settlers had originated.
Andover is bisected by two major highway systems, Interstate 93 and Interstate 495, and a number of secondary roadways, including routes 28, 133, 114 and 125. Public transportation is available via two commuter rail service stations from Andover to the metropolitan Boston area provided by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, and a regional bus service provided by the Merrimack Valley Transit Authority. Logan International Airport in Boston is less than a 40-minute drive, and Manchester Airport in Manchester, NH is approximately a 35-minute drive.
From the earliest days of the town, manufacturing has played a major part in its development. The region's first powder mill was established in 1775, the manufacture of paper began in 1789 and in the early nineteenth century several woolen mills prospered. Although all of these early manufacturing businesses have moved away, Andover continues to attract major modern industries.
Andover has an open Town Meeting form of government, a unique New England governmental structure that permits all citizens of the community to participate in its financial and business decisions. It is administered by a town manager and five-member board of selectmen.
Andover is known the world over for being the home of one of the oldest and most prestigious independent secondary "prep" schools in the U.S. - Phillips Academy. Founded in 1770 by Samuel Phillips, the school today has an enrollment of approximately 1,100 students. Phillips Academy alumni include such notables as President George H. W. Bush and President George W. Bush, pediatrician Dr. Benjamin Spock, former Yale President and baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti, and former Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, Oliver Wendall Holmes Jr.
Samuel Francis Smith wrote the patriotic song America in 1831 while attending the Andover Theological Seminary. In 1996, Andover celebrated its 350th anniversary.
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