What Is Disaster Risk Insurance

Real Estate Agent with Thompson Real Estate

Natural disasters, pandemics, and other catastrophic events can strike without warning and wreck homes, businesses, and communities. The resulting losses and damages can be devastating, both emotionally and financially. That's where disaster risk insurance comes in.

This insurance policy provides financial protection against unexpected events and helps individuals, businesses, and governments recover quickly from disaster aftermath.

But what exactly is disaster risk insurance, who needs it, and how does it work? In this article, we'll answer these questions and more. 

Defining Disaster Risk Insurance

Disaster risk insurance protects individuals, businesses, and governments against losses or damages caused by natural disasters, accidents, or other catastrophic events. It covers several risks, including property damage, business interruption, and liability. 

This insurance aims to help mitigate the financial impact of disasters by providing support to cover the cost of damage, losses, or injuries caused by these events.

An insurance agent or broker can help you obtain disaster risk insurance. These professionals assist individuals and organizations by evaluating different insurance policies and providers.

It is, however, crucial to research and consider several factors before choosing a disaster risk insurance provider. One tip is to choose an insurance provider with a solid financial background and a positive reputation on the market. This ensures that the provider can pay out claims in a disaster. PCRIC, for example, has a trustee company to ensure the company’s financial and operational activities are up-to-date and well-managed..

Types of Coverage

Disaster risk insurance offers several types of coverage. Here are some of the most common types:

  • Property coverage: This type protects physical property, such as homes, buildings, and personal belongings, from damage caused by natural disasters or other catastrophic events.
  • Business interruption coverage: This coverage provides financial support to businesses that experience interruptions or losses due to disasters. It can help cover the cost of lost revenue, ongoing expenses, and other costs associated with resuming operations after a disaster.
  • Liability coverage: Liability coverage protects individuals and businesses from legal claims or lawsuits arising from property damage or injuries caused by disasters.
  • Workers' compensation coverage: This coverage benefits employees who are injured or ill due to a disaster or other workplace hazard.
  • Temporary living expenses coverage: This provides financial support for temporary housing, food, and other living expenses for individuals or families displaced by a disaster.
  • Emergency transportation coverage: This coverage provides financial support for emergency transportation, such as medical evacuation or emergency travel, in the event of a disaster.

The type and level of coverage available depends on the policy, the insurance provider, and the specific risks and needs of the individual or organization seeking coverage. 

Working with an experienced insurance agent or broker is vital to evaluate different coverage options and find the right fit for your needs.

Benefits of Disaster Risk Insurance

Disaster risk insurance offers several benefits to individuals, businesses, and governments. Here are some of the top benefits of disaster risk insurance:

  1. Financial protection: Disaster risk insurance provides financial protection against disaster costs. This coverage can cover the costs of repairs, replacements, and other expenses related to property damage, business interruption, or liability claims.
  2. Peace of mind: Knowing you have coverage in a disaster can provide peace of mind and reduce stress and anxiety.
  3. Faster recovery: With insurance coverage, individuals, businesses, and governments can recover faster after disasters. This can help restore operations and rebuild communities more efficiently.
  4. Risk management: Disaster risk insurance can also help individuals and organizations manage risk more effectively by identifying and mitigating potential threats.
  5. Compliance with regulations: Some governments and organizations require certain types of disaster risk insurance coverage to comply with laws and mitigate risk.
  6. Access to additional resources: Insurance companies may offer policyholders extra assistance, such as disaster preparedness and recovery planning support.

Who Can Purchase Disaster Risk Insurance?


Homeowners, renters, and everyone else can purchase disaster risk insurance to protect against property damage or loss caused by natural disasters or other catastrophic events. Some insurance providers cover personal belongings, temporary living expenses, and all related costs.


Small and large companies can purchase disaster risk insurance to protect against business interruption, property damage, and liability claims resulting from a disaster. This coverage can help businesses recover faster and minimize the financial impact of a disaster.


Federal, state, and local governments can purchase disaster risk insurance to protect public infrastructure, buildings, and other assets from damage or loss due to natural disasters or other hazards.

How Much Does Disaster Risk Insurance Cost?

Disaster risk insurance costs can vary widely depending on several factors, such as the coverage level, the insured property's location, and the type of risk being covered.

For example, properties in areas prone to hurricanes or earthquakes may have higher premiums than those with lower risk.

Disaster risk insurance costs range from a few hundred to several thousand dollars annually. 

However, the cost of not having this insurance can be much higher in a disaster, with losses potentially reaching tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars.

The Bottom Line

If you're considering disaster risk insurance, you should work with a trusted advisor or insurance provider. This will enable you to compare options and determine which coverage is right for you.

With the right insurance coverage in place, you can have confidence knowing you're prepared for whatever unexpected events may come your way.

Comments (2)

Lise Howe
Keller Williams Capital Properties - Washington, DC
Assoc. Broker in DC, MD, VA and attorney in DC

This is really helpful information - probably useful in every part of the country these days

Mar 28, 2023 09:38 AM
Joe Jackson
Keller Williams Capital Partners Realty - Columbus, OH
Clintonville and Central Ohio Real Estate Expert

This is an excellent post with great information. Thanks for sharing it.

Have a super fantastic week!
Joe Jackson, Realtor-KWCP

Mar 29, 2023 06:09 AM